SIYYUM

SIYYUM
SIYYUM (Heb. סִיּוּם; "conclusion"), designation for celebrations held on certain occasions. (1) siyyum sefer torah is a consecration ceremony held at the conclusion of the writing of a new Torah Scroll. The last, and sometimes the first, verses of the Torah are written by members of the congregation (each congregant filling in one letter); the scroll is then solemnly sanctified with special prayers and songs. The celebration is based on R. Eliezer's interpretation of I Kings 3:15 (Song R. 1:1 no. 9). (2) Siyyum Massekhet or Siyyum ha-Shas is the celebration held at the conclusion of the study of a Talmud tractate or of the whole Talmud. On this occasion the members of the study group recite special formulas of appreciation called הַדְרָן (hadran), in which they give thanks for having had the privilege of studying Torah; they petition for the opportunity to be able "to return again" to the study of this tractate. The hadran is chosen from rabbinic sources in the Talmud (Ber. 16b–17b) and is usually printed at the end of each tractate. On the occasion, a festive banquet is held (see Se'udah ) at which the lecturer delivers a discourse on his novellae to the Talmud tractate that has just been completed (also commonly known as hadran). The custom of the festive banquet dates back to talmudic times (Shab. 118b–119a), and it is a mitzvah to participate. Study groups often plan, if possible, to complete a Talmud tractate on the day before Passover to allow the firstborn male to dispense with fasting on this day; partaking of the siyyum meal overrides the fast. (See fasting and Fast Days.) (3) In North African Jewish communities, especially in Algeria, a siyyum, called Ḥag Siyyum or Se'udat Yitro u-Moshe, was yearly celebrated on the Thursday before the Sabbath on which the Torah portion Yitro (Ex. 18–20) was read in the synagogue. At the celebration (based on Ex. 18:12) the Ten Commandments were solemnly read to the congregation and a festive banquet held at which chicken was served. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Eisenstein, Dinim, 288–9.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • siyyum — ▪ Judaism       (Hebrew: “termination”), joyous celebration observed by Jews, either when a study group completes a tractate of the Talmud (rabbinic compendium of law, lore, and commentary) or when the writing of a Torah scroll (first five books… …   Universalium

  • SE'UDAH — (Heb. סְעוּדָה var. סְעֻדָּה; meal or banquet ; in Yiddish pronounced sude), a festive meal. Eating and drinking are considered as pious and sanctifying acts if their purpose is to keep physically fit and healthy and if the prescribed laws and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of English words of Persian origin — As Indo European languages, English and Persian have many words of common Proto Indo European origin, and many of these cognate words often have similar forms. Examples of these include: English (Mother) and Persian (Madar), English (Father) and… …   Wikipedia

  • Kamboj — The Kambojs ( hi. कम्बोज kamboj , ur. کمبوہ kamboh , pa. ਕਮ੍ਬੋਜ kamboj ) are an ethnic community of the Punjab region. They are the modern representatives of ancient Kambojas, a well known Kshatriya tribe of Iron Age India, said to have Indian as …   Wikipedia

  • Chodosh — Grain products In Judaism, Chodosh (or Chadash) (Hebrew: חדש ; new [grain] ) is a concept within Kashrut (the Jewish dietary regulations), based on the Biblical requirement not to eat any grain of the new year (or products made from it)… …   Wikipedia

  • FISH AND FISHING — In the Bible and Talmud The Bible says that humans are to exercise dominion over the fish as well as over all other subhuman life (Gen. 1:28). Fish are divided into clean and unclean by biblical dietary laws: These you may eat, of all that are in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GAMES — Jews, like all other peoples, have played games from earliest times. There are ample references to games in the Bible. Guessing games were played in biblical days (Judg. 14: 12ff.; I Kings 10:1–3). Jews were also acquainted with sports and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HADRAN — (Heb. הַדְרָן; Aram. we returned ), a term indicating both the celebration held on the completion of the study of a tractate of the Talmud (siyyum) and the type of discourse delivered on that occasion. The origin of the term is the formula found… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KADDISH — (Aram. קַדִּישׁ; holy ), a doxology, most of it in Aramaic, recited with congregational responses at the close of individual sections of the public service and at the conclusion of the service itself. There are four main types of Kaddish: (a) THE …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LOS ANGELES — LOS ANGELES, city in S. California with approximately 4,000,000 inhabitants occupying 469 square miles of territory; the third most populous city in the U.S. and the largest city in area in the world. Los Angeles County is the home of some… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”